FDA Maharashtra
 
Thursday, 19-Oct-2017
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 Precautions for safe use of Cosmetics

What precautions should you take during purchasing cosmetics?

Consumer should purchase the cosmetic under icash memo /bill The consumer should verify the details of following particulars on label

A cosmetic shall carry

(1) On both the inner and other labels:

(a) The name of the cosmetics,

[(b) The name of the manufacturer and complete address of the premises of the manufacturer where the cosmetic has been manufactured.]

Provided that if the cosmetic is contained in a very small size container where the address of the manufacturer cannot be given, the name of the manufacturer and his principal place of manufacture shall be along with pin code.

(2) On the outer label-

A declaration of the net contents expressed in terms of weight for solids, fluid measure for liquids, weight for semi-solids, combined with numerical count if the content is sub-divided:

Provided that this statement need not appear in case of a package of perfume, toilet water or the like, the net content of which does not exceed 60 ml or any package of solid or semi-solid cosmetic the net content of which does not exceed 30 grams.

(3) On the inner label; where a hazard exists: (a) Adequate direction for safe use, (b) Any warning, caution or special direction required to be observed by the consumer, (c) A statement of the names and quantities of the ingredients that are hazardous or poisonous.

[(4) A distinctive batch number, that is to say, the number by reference to which details of manufacture of the particular batch from which the substance in the container is taken are recorded and are available for inspection, the figures representing the batch number being preceded by the letter “B” : Provided that this clause shall not apply to any cosmetic containing 10 grams or less if the cosmetic is in solid or semi-solid state, and 25 milliliters or less if the cosmetic is in a liquid state:]

[Provided further that in the case of soaps, instead of the batch number, the month and year of manufacture of soap shall be given on the label.]

[(5) Manufacturing license number, the number being preceded by the letter ‘M’]

(6) Where a package of a cosmetic has only one label such label shall contain all the information required to be shown on both the inner and the outer labels, under these rules.

(7) Tooth paste containing fluoride
a) date of expiry should be mentioned on tube & carton
b) fluoride contnt in term of ppm should be mentioned on tube & carton & shall not be more than 1000ppm.


What precautions should you take when using any cosmetics?
If you use cosmetics, FDA urges you to follow these safety tips:

  •  If any eye cosmetic causes irritation, stop using it immediately. If irritation persists, see a doctor.
  • Avoid using eye cosmetics if you have an eye infection or the skin around the eye is inflamed. Wait until the area is healed. Discard any eye cosmetics you were using when you got the infection.
  • Be aware that there are bacteria on your hands that, if placed in the eye, could cause infections. Wash your hands before applying eye cosmetics.
  • Make sure that any instrument you place in the eye area is clean.
  • Don't share your cosmetics. Another person's bacteria may be hazardous to you.
  • Don't allow cosmetics to become covered with dust or contaminated with dirt or soil. Keep containers clean.
  • Don't use old containers of eye cosmetics. Manufacturers usually recommend discarding mascara two to four months after purchase.
  • Discard dried-up mascara. Don't add saliva or water to moisten it. The bacteria from your mouth may grow in the mascara and cause infection. Adding water may introduce bacteria and will dilute the preservative that is intended to protect against microbial growth.
  • Don't store cosmetics at temperatures above 85 degrees F. Cosmetics held for long periods in hot cars, for example, are more susceptible to deterioration of the preservative.
  • When applying or removing eye cosmetics, be careful not to scratch the eyeball or other sensitive area. Never apply or remove eye cosmetics in a moving vehicle.
  • Don't use any cosmetics near your eyes unless they are intended specifically for that use. For instance, don't use a lip liner as an eye liner. You may be exposing your eyes to contamination from your mouth, or to color additives that are not approved for use in the area of the eye.

What precautions should be taken if you dye your hair?

Purchase the product labeled with the prescribed caution statement indicating that the product may cause irritation in certain individuals, that a patch test for skin sensitivity should be done, and that the product must not be used for dyeing the eyelashes or eyebrows. The patch test involves putting a dab of hair dye behind the ear or inside the elbow, leaving it there for two days, and looking for itching, burning, redness, or other reactions.


Whether applying hair chemicals at home or in a hair salon, consumers and beauticians should be careful to keep them away from the eyes. FDA has received reports of injuries from hair relaxers and hair dye accidentally getting into eyes.


When using all hair chemicals, it's critical to keep them away from children to prevent ingestion and other accidents, and to follow product directions carefully.


Consumers should be aware that applying more than one type of chemical treatment, such as coloring hair one week and then relaxing it the next, can increase the risk of hair damage.

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